According to Mahayana Buddhism Manjushri is the bodhisattva of Wisdom, while in Vajrayana Buddhism, he is considered a fully enlightened Buddha of Wisdom. His name comes from Sanskrit - the ancient Indo-Aryan language - and means "The Gentle and Noble One".
He is usually depicted as a princely young man wielding a blazing sword in his right hand, and carrying the Prajna Paramita - or "Perfection of Wisdom" - Sutra in his left. With his flaming vajra blade of discriminating insight he cuts through the ignorance of ego-clinging and the emotional and cognitive obscurations.
In many monasteries and shedras in India and Tibet, the subject of “wisdom” is studied at great length. Texts like Chandrakirti’s’s Madhyamakavatara are taught to lay the foundation of the correct view upon which a lifetime of meditation practice and realisation is based. The monks debate the different schools with their different views in order to sharpen their own discriminating insight and clarify the ultimate view.
Manjushri first appears in Buddhist literature in Mahayana sutras such as the Flower Ornament Sutra, and the Prajna Paramamita Sutras. Along with wisdom, Manjushri is associated with poetry, oratory and writing. His name in Tibetan “Jampeyang” means “melodious voice”. Jamyang Khyentse Wangpo - the real figure on whom the Rinpoche in the film is based - was supposed to be an emanation of Manjushri.